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Physique Global

Pituitary Gland, the master gland that controls other hormones

Pituitary Gland. also known as the master gland helps produces many other hormones that run other functions in the body. It is situated at the base of the brain and is tiny in shape. The pituitary gland is called the “master gland” because its hormones regulate other important endocrine glands—including the adrenal, thyroid, and reproductive glands.

The hormones that are made in the pituitary gland are made in two different areas of the gland. The anterior part and posterior part. The anterior part of the Pituitary gland makes hormones like the prolactin, Growth hormone, Adrenocorticotropin (ACTH), Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), Luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH).

The posterior part of the gland makes 1. Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) and the Oxytocin hormone. In a lot of other species, the pituitary gland is divided into 3 lobes 1. The anterior lobe 2. The Intermediate lobe and the posterior lobe. In humans, the intermediate lobe does not exist as a distinct anatomic structure but rather remains only as cells dispersed within the anterior lobe.

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