Physique Global

Anabolism vs Catabolism

In fitness, the terms anabolism and catabolism have been used widely for the last 2 decades. Almost everyone speaks about their own versions of how to initiate anabolism and how to avoid catabolism.

All physical and chemical activities in your body that convert or use energy are called metabolism. These include things like breathing, digesting food and circulating blood. But metabolism as a whole is a very generic term that speaks about all the possible chemical reactions happening in your body. Metabolism can be divided into 2 categories 1. Anabolism and 2. Catabolism.

Anabolism is the process that builds the molecules in the body while catabolism is the process by which it breaks or tears it down in the body. In fitness, the perfect and the simplest way to explain anabolism would be to relate it to the building up of the broken down muscles. Anabolism involves 3 stages, Step 1 involves the production of precursors such as amino acids, monosaccharaides, isoprenoids and nucleotides, Step 2 involves activation of these precursors into reactive forms using energy from ATP, Step 3 involves the assembly of these precursors into complex molecules such as proteins, polysaccharides, lipids and nucleic acids.

In case of catabolism in fitness, it is the breaking down of muscle tissue. Unlike its opposite anabolism, which is the building up of complex molecules from smaller ones. Being in the state of catabolism can be very damaging to the body as you go through an Excessive breakdown of bodily tissues, including muscle mass, decline of the immune system, digestive system/organs, and growth hormones along with fatigue.
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