Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder that causes sugar in the form of glucose to accumulate in the blood rather than to be absorbed by the cell and used as a source of energy.
What exactly happens?
First, let’s understand what happens when we consume any food: when we eat any food it is broken down into nutrient molecules by digestive system which is then absorbed through our digestive tract. Food containing carbohydrates or sugars is broken down into glucose. In order to use glucose as fuel it must be absorbed by our cells.
After consuming a meal our blood glucose levels rise and in response to this pancreas secretes a hormone called as insulin, which facilitates the absorption of glucose into the cells. Insulin acts as a key for the absorption of glucose by cells. In type two diabetes the cells become resistant to insulin and does not absorb glucose, this is known as insulin resistance. Also in type 2 diabetes the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin to help the cells to take in glucose so that it can be used as a source of energy.
Overtime, high blood glucose levels damages the blood vessels and can in turn cause damage to the organs such as the heart, eyes and kidney diseases. In most of the cases, people don’t know that they have type 2 diabetes. It is critically important to diagnose the condition.
The symptoms of type 2 diabetes include: feeling tired and lethargic, excessive thirst, frequent urination, blurred vision, dizziness, headaches, etc. People with high blood pressure, overweight or obesity, insufficient physical activity, poor diet are at a higher risk of type 2 diabetes. It can also result from genetic factors.
You can effectively manage type 2 diabetes by following some lifestyle changes. The doctor may prescribe you medications depending upon your condition. Lifestyle changes include healthy eating, not skipping your meals and regular exercise can help you to manage the condition. Please consult your doctor before starting any exercise program.